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In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.The working of Indian federal system clearly reveals that the Governor has acted more as centre’s representative than as the head of the State.This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.The equality of units in a federation is best guaranteed by their equal representation in the Uppers House of the federal legislature (Parliament).
All India Services such as IAS and IPS have been created which are kept under the control of the Union.In a true federation such as that of United State of America every State irrespective of their size in terms of area or population it sends two representatives in the upper House i.e. In addition to all this, all important appointments such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller and Auditor General are made by the Union Government. There is no provision for separate Constitutions for the states.The States cannot propose amendments to, the Constitution.The federation is a union because it is indestructible and helps to maintain the unity of the country.Art 155 and 156 provide that the Governor, who is the constitutional head of a State, is to be appointed by the President and stays only until the pleasure of the President The Centre may take over the administration of the State on the recommendations of the Governor or otherwise.The following provision of Indian constitution makes it unitary Article I of the Constitution describes India as a ‘Union of States’, which implies two things: firstly, it is not the result of an agreement among the States and secondly, the States have no freedom to secede or separate from the Union.Besides, the Constitution of the Union and the States is a single framework from which neither can get out and within which they must function.Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.After this procedure the amendment is signed by the head of the state i.e; the President.Since in India important amendments can be amended through this procedure Hence, Indian Constitution has been rightly called a rigid constitution. The Union List consists of 97 subjects of national importance such as Defence, Railways, Post and Telegraph, etc.